English translation of Urgent Action with model letter and addresses to write to

San Cristobal de Las Casas, Chiapas,
03 of February 2010.
AU-02

URGENT ACTION

Forced displacement of indigenous communities in Montes Azules, Chiapas, perpetrated by the federal and state governments

Imminent threat of further displacement of indigenous communities in Montes Azules

On 21 and 22 January 2010, there were two communities operating in Laguna Sigh or The Stallion and Laguna San Pedro San Pedro or guanylate in the municipality of Ocosingo latter Support Base of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (BAEZLN ) who were evicted from the Montes Azules Biosphere.

According to government sources, the operation was coordinated action between elements of the Special Police of the Attorney General of the State of Chiapas, Secretary of Citizen Security and Safety, Attorney General’s Office, Federal Office for Environmental Protection Commission National Protected Natural Areas, and representatives of State Human Rights.

According to testimonies of displaced families in the community Laguna Sigh, on Thursday, January 21, 2010 around 11am helicopters arrived ( between 3 and 5), with approximately 60 policemen, dressed in black uniforms and camouflage. The police pulled out of her house violently Ms Maria Cortes Perez (hereinafter Mary) and Magdalena Garcia Cortes (the Magdalene) and concentrated in the center of town and then uploaded them to the helicopter and moved forcefully them to the municipality of Palenque.  The eviction took place without notice, without showing any official document, without any explanation and without allowing any membership charge.

The next day, Friday, 22 January 2010, around 10 am down 4 helicopters to Laguna San Pedro, BAEZLN community was surrounded with an estimated 250 police: telling people that the operation was a federal and intimacy and milestones leading them to the helicopter to 12 people among children, women and men.

Displaced families were moved  to the city of Palenque, where some people were taken to Mr Mark Minor Flores, Attorney General of the Forest District Office.  According to the testimony of one of those evicted, when questioned was asked “where was his small piece of land for planting drugs.”  At the end of the coach were asked to sign a document without knowing the contents of the letter, no translator was provided, nor counsel.  They were then transferred to the shelter of the System for Integral Family Development of the State of Chiapas (DIF regional), not so far been given an alternative to relocation.

The event of forced displacement in the region – witnesses report that all the houses and belongings in those villages were burned.

On 26 January 2010 in a news conference, state and federal environmental authorities reported that a schema driving tour of the Mayan route certified sites include nature tourism strategy for development and conservation of the Lacandon jungle, as well was released in the near future that will leave the communities of Nuevo San Gregorio, Nuevo Salvador Allende, Nuevo San Pedro, October 6, Village Laguna Sigh, Ojo de Agua and San Jacinto Progress Lacanjá.

Background:

For several years, federal and state governments have publicly announced the execution of evictions and displaced arbitrarily, violating human rights of Indigenous Peoples who for decades have been settled in the region of Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve, this as part of the official strategy of dispossession, exclusion and discrimination on the grounds of “conservation” for investment by national and international interests in the tourist area of research.

Rights violated:
In the forced eviction following were violated human rights enshrined in international instruments signed and ratified by the Mexican State:

– Personal Freedom (Right to): Laguna Sigh or The Stallion Mary and Magdalene, were taken from their home, concentrated in the center of town and moved into the regional DIF; In Laguna San Pedro, people were flown by helicopter to Palenque and without presenting any order, making available to the Attorney General of the Forest District Office,

– Personal integrity (right to): Mary and Magdalene, were violently taken from their home and increased the force in the helicopter, so families were BAEZLN force increased in the helicopter and transferred to the city of Palenque, in addition to make inroads with menacing and intimidating;

– Personal safety (Right to): Without showing any warrant of eviction state and federal agents raided acting equally well against Mary Magdalene and families BAEZLN;

– Adequate Housing (Right to): All persons are entitled to an “adequate standard of living for himself and his family, including (…) housing and the continuous improvement of living conditions.” With the forced eviction of people were denied this right;

– Land-area (Right to): The Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, in its Art 47.dispone that “nothing in this Covenant (including the right to property) should be interpreted as impairing the inherent right of all peoples to enjoy and utilize fully and freely their natural wealth and resources.

Besides federal and state governments systematically ignored its obligations arising from the signing and ratification: the Convention (No.169) of the ILO and violate their rights particularly in its article 6: “… governments should (. ..) consult the peoples concerned, through appropriate procedures and in particular through their representative institutions …; Article 14 shall be recognized by the peoples concerned the right of ownership and possession over the lands they traditionally occupy; of United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in Article 10, “Indigenous peoples shall not be forcibly removed from their lands or territories.  There shall be no transfer without the free, prior and informed consent of indigenous peoples concerned, or without an agreement on a just and fair compensation and, where possible, the option of return. ”

For all the foregoing false that forced evictions and land-use planning policy initiated in the Blue Mountains area, is respectful of human rights, on the contrary, hiding behind them, the Mexican state is promoting the theft, legal uncertainty and seriously affects the ability of indigenous families to carve out a dignified life project.

On the facts stated above Human Rights Committee Fray Pedro Lorenzo de la Nada, and Counseling Service for Peace (SERAPAZ) and the Human Rights Center Fray Bartolome de Las Casas (Frayba) we call to send letters to the Mexican Government requiring:

1 .- To compensate and repair the damage caused to families by the forced eviction of communities Sigh or The Stallion Laguna and Laguna San Pedro or San Pedro guanylate.

2 .- That the Mexican government fulfills its obligations as provided in Article 11.1 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

3 .- It will refrain from further acts of eviction run in Montes Azules, considering the recommendations of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of Indigenous peoples of the United Nations.

4 .- Modify its policy of regularization in the indigenous regions of Chiapas, particularly in the Montes Azules, so to seek justice and equality in rights and conflicting interests among communities and organizations, striving at all times adherence to the norms international human rights.

Sincerely,

Name

Organization
________________________________________ ________________________________________

We request the dispatch of urgent actions:

Lic. Felipe de Jesús Calderón Hinojosa
President of the Republic
Official Residence of Los Pinos
Casa Miguel German
Col. San Miguel Chapultepec,
CP 11850, Mexico DF
Tel: (52.55) 2789.1100 Fax: (52.55) 5277.2376
Email: felipe.calderon @ presidencia.gob.mx

Mr. Fernando Francisco Gomez Mont
Secretary of the Interior
Bucareli 99, 1er. Piso, Col. Juárez,
Del. Cuauhtemoc
CP 06600 Mexico DF
Fax: (52.55) 50933414
Email: secretario@segob.gob.mx, contacto@segob.gob.mx

Lic. Juan José Sabines Guerrero
Governor of the State of Chiapas
Palace of Government of Chiapas
Central and East First Avenue, Colonia Centro, CP 29,009
Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, Mexico
Fax: +52 961 61 8808 8? + 52 961 6188 056
Email: secparticular@chiapas.gob.mx

Dr. Noe Castanon Leon
Secretary General of the State Government of Chiapas
Palacio de Gobierno, Colonia Centro, CP 29000
Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, Mexico
Switchboard: + 52 (961) 61 2-90-47, 61 8-74-60
Email: secretario@secgobierno.chiapas.gob.mx

Mr. Raciel Lopez Salazar
Attorney General of Chiapas
Libramiento North East and Rose, No. 2010, Col. El Bosque
Chiapas CP 29,049 Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas
Switchboard: 01 (961) 6-17-23-00. Phone: + 52 (961) 61 6-53-74, 61 6-53-76, 61 6-57-24,
61 6-34-50 61 6-34-50
Email: raciel.lopez @ pgje.chiapas.gob.mx

Mr. Raul Placencia Villanueva
President of the National Human Rights Commission
Peripheral South # 3469, Col. San Jeronimo Lidice, Delegación
Magdalena Contreras, Mexico City
CP 10200
Tel +52 (55) 56818125, 54907400
Email: trasparencia@cndh.org.mx

Send a copy to:
Human Rights Center Fray Bartolome de Las Casas, AC.
Calle Brasil 14, Barrio Méxicanos, 29,240 San Cristobal de Las Casas, Chiapas, Mexico
Tel: 967 6787395, 967 6787396, Fax: 967 6783548
Email: accionurgente@frayba.org.mx

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SAMPLE LETTER:

Name and address to whom you send the Urgent Action.
Place, date

Mr. (title role)

Through this I express my  concern over acts of  forced displacement of indigenous communities in Montes Azules, Chiapas, perpetrated by officials of the federal and state governments.

In this situation I think it is false that forced evictions and land-use planning policy initiated in the Blue Mountains area, is respectful of human rights, on the contrary, hiding behind them, the Mexican state is promoting the theft, legal uncertainty and seriously affects the ability of indigenous families to carve out a dignified life project.

For several years, federal and state governments have publicly announced the execution of evictions and displaced arbitrarily, violating human rights of Indigenous Peoples who for decades have been settled in the region of Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve, this as part of the official strategy of dispossession, exclusion and discrimination on the grounds? conservation? para la for investment by national and international interests in the tourist area of research.

In this context, I  am concerned that the Mexican government announced that in the near future will leave the communities of Nuevo San Gregorio, Nuevo Salvador Allende, Nuevo San Pedro, October 6, Village Laguna Sigh, Ojo de Agua and San Jacinto Progress Lacanjá.

Besides federal and state governments systematically ignored its obligations arising from the signing and ratification: the Convention (No.169) of the ILO and violate their rights particularly in its Article 6?   Governments should consult the peoples concerned, through appropriate procedures and in particular through their representative institutions

Given the facts narrated above require (IMOS)

1 .- To compensate and repair the damage caused to families by the forced eviction of communities Sigh or The Stallion Laguna and Laguna San Pedro or San Pedro guanylate.

2 .- That the Mexican government fulfills its obligations as provided in Article 11.1 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

3 .- It will refrain from further acts of eviction run in Montes Azules, considering the recommendations of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of Indigenous peoples of the United Nations.

4 .- Modify its policy of regularization in the indigenous regions of Chiapas, particularly in the Montes Azules, so to seek justice and equality in rights and conflicting interests among communities and organizations, striving at all times adherence to the norms international human rights.

Sincerely,

Name
Organization

— —

http://www.frayba.org.mx

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